There are many varying accounts as to the origins of Ju-Jitsu but some historians say that Ju-Jitsu (the oldest form of all martial arts), also known as “The Mother of Martial Arts”, can be tracked back to
Ju-Jitsu later found its way through
Centred around a number of core values including loyalty, justice, manners, purity, modesty, honour, self confidence, and respect the Japanese named the smooth techniques Ju-Jitsu “The Gentle Way”
With the end of the feudal system in
Japanese old style Ju-Jitsu or Nihon koryu jujutsu was developed and practiced during the Muromachi period, in
The term Ju-Jitsu began to take hold in the 17th Century. At the time, it really described all of the grappling related disciplines being used and taught by the Japanese Samurai. Ju-Jitsu translates as the "art of softness," or "way of yielding", which reinforces the notion that it is an art that uses an attacker's aggressiveness - and momentum - against them.
Eventually, this style of Ju-Jitsu morphed - changing with the times - to become the more commonly practiced Nihon Ju-Jitsu seen today. Generally, this more contemporary style is often referred to as ‘
Ju-Jitsu is characterized by using an attacker's momentum or strength against them by guiding it in a way that the applier would prefer (and not the attacker). Methods taught in Ju-Jitsu circles include striking, throwing, restraining (pinning and strangling), joint locks, weaponry, and grappling. It is truly best known for its effectiveness against weapons, use of throws, and its locks (armbars and wrist locks, for example).
Today, Ju-Jitsu is practiced in both traditional and modern sport forms. Derived sport forms include the Olympic sport and martial art of judo, which was developed by Kanō Jigorō in the late 19th century from several traditional styles of Ju-Jitsu, and Brazilian jiu-jitsu, which was in turn derived from earlier (pre–World War II) versions of Kodokan judo. One of the most common is mixed-style competitions, where competitors apply a variety of strikes, throws, and holds to score points. There are also kata competitions, where competitors of the same style perform techniques and are judged on their performance. There are also freestyle competitions, where competitors take turns attacking each other, and the defender is judged on performance. Another more recent form of competition growing much more popular in